CO2 storage

Geological storage of CO2
CO2 is the primary greenhouse gas, which is naturally present in the atmosphere, but the concentration of the gas is being greatly increased through human activities. CO2 is released through the combustion of fossil fuels, by transport, power and industrial activities, but also from land-use change. In order to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies are available to selectively capture CO­2 from the waste gases of power production and industrial processes, which can be subsequently transported and stored in deep geological formations (>2000 meters underground), isolating it from the atmosphere permanently.

CCS has also been identified as an important CO2 reduction option for the Netherlands. In the Dutch Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth (2013), CCS was described as an ‘unavoidable’ technology to achieve an entirely sustainable energy supply system in the long term. By request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, a document “Nationaal Masterplan Opslag en Transport CO2 was prepared in 2010. It is expected that a new masterplan for CCS in the Netherlands will be released in 2016.  

General information on CO2 storage:      
The most referenced, independent, and scientific account of CO2 storage remains the Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2005). A broad range of more recent material on CCS and CO2 storage can be found on the website of the Global CCS Institute. The Dutch government also has a webpage on CO2 storage with limited information (in Dutch).